Table 1

Strategies for cellular immune therapy under investigation

StrategyPhaseRelevant publications
CD154 gene therapyPhase 1 clinical trialBiagi et al,30 Wierda et al31
Ex vivo T-cell activationPhase 1 clinical trialKipps et al32
Heteroclytic peptide therapyPreclinical phaseTrojan et al,33 Zirlik et al34
DC-based therapyPhase 1 clinical trialHus et al35
CD20-HLA/CMV–targeting complexesPreclinical phaseKater et al,36 Mous et al37