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An open-label, phase Ib study of obinutuzumab plus lenalidomide in relapsed/refractory follicular B-cell lymphoma

Franck Morschhauser, Gilles Salles, Steven Le Gouill, Herve Tilly, Catherine Thieblemont, Krimo Bouabdallah, Bettina Fabiani, Cédric Ménard, Karin Tarte, Guillaume Cartron and Roch Houot

Key points

  • Oral lenalidomide plus obinutuzumab is well tolerated and effective in patients with relapsed or refractory follicular B-cell lymphoma.

  • The recommended dose of lenalidomide in combination with obinutuzumab 1000 mg was established as 20 mg.

Abstract

Obinutuzumab is a type II anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody that enhances antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity better than rituximab. Given promising results with lenalidomide and rituximab, this phase 1b study assessed the safety and efficacy of lenalidomide combined with obinutuzumab (GALEN). Patients aged ≥18 years with relapsed or refractory FL after rituximab-containing therapy received escalating doses (10 [n=7], 15 [n=3], 20 [n=6], and 25 mg [n=3]) of daily oral lenalidomide on days 1-21 of cycle 1 and on days 2-22 of cycles 2-6 (28-day cycles). Obinutuzumab 1000 mg IV was given on days 8, 15, and 22 (cycle 1) and on day 1 (cycles 2-6). Dose was escalated in a 3+3 design based on dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) during cycle 1 to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). We observed 164 adverse events (AEs), of which 139 events were grade 1/2. The most common AEs were constipation (52.6%), neutropenia (47.4%), and asthenia (36.8%); 64.3% (9/14) of the grade 3/4 AEs were neutropenia/neutrophil decrease, but without any febrile neutropenia. Four DLTs occurred in 2 patients, both deemed unrelated to treatment. MTD was not reached. Twelve patients (63.2%) responded: 8 complete, 3 unconfirmed complete, and one partial response. Oral lenalidomide plus obinutuzumab is well tolerated and effective in relapsed or refractory FL. The recommended dose of lenalidomide was established at 20 mg based on the risk of grade 3/4 neutropenia from cycle 2. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01582776.

  • Submitted May 24, 2018.
  • Accepted July 19, 2018.