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Deletion of BMP6 worsens the phenotype of HJV-deficient mice and attenuates hepcidin levels reached after LPS challenge

Chloé Latour, Céline Besson-Fournier, Ophélie Gourbeyre, Delphine Meynard, Marie-Paule Roth and Hélène Coppin

Key points

  • Loss of Bmp6 further represses hepcidin expression in the liver of Hjv knockout mice and markedly worsens the iron phenotype of females.

  • Induction of hepcidin by LPS is not prevented by lack of Bmp6 and/or Hjv but its level post-stimulation is blunted compared with controls.

Abstract

Lack of either BMP6 or the BMP co-receptor hemojuvelin (HJV) in mice leads to a similar phenotype with hepcidin insufficiency, hepatic iron loading, and extrahepatic iron accumulation in males. This is consistent with the current views that HJV is a co-receptor for BMP6 in hepatocytes. To determine whether BMP6 and HJV may also signal to hepcidin independently of each other, we intercrossed Hjv-/- and Bmp6-/- mice and compared the phenotype of animals of the F2 progeny. Loss of Bmp6 further repressed Smad signaling and hepcidin expression in the liver of Hjv-/- mice of both genders, and led to iron accumulation in the pancreas and the heart of females. These data suggest that, in Hjv-/- females, Bmp6 can provide a signal adequate to maintain hepcidin to a level sufficient to avoid extrahepatic iron loading. We also examined the impact of Bmp6 and/or Hjv deletion on the regulation of hepcidin by inflammation. Our data show that lack of one or both molecules does not prevent induction of hepcidin by LPS. However, BMP/Smad signaling in unchallenged animals is determinant for the level of hepcidin reached after stimulation, which is consistent with a synergy between IL6/STAT3 and BMP/SMAD signaling in regulating hepcidin during inflammation.

  • Submitted July 10, 2017.
  • Accepted September 21, 2017.