Blood Journal
Leading the way in experimental and clinical research in hematology

Integrin activation by P-Rex1 is required for selectin-mediated slow leukocyte rolling and intravascular crawling

  1. Jan M. Herter1,
  2. Jan Rossaint2,
  3. Helena Block1,
  4. Heidi Welch3, and
  5. Alexander Zarbock1,*
  1. 1 Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, University of Muenster, Germany;
  2. 2 Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine, Muenster, Germany;
  3. 3 Babraham Institute, Cambridge, United Kingdom
  1. * Corresponding author; email: zarbock{at}

Key points

  • P-Rex1 is involved in E-selectin mediated slow leukocyte rolling

  • P-Rex1 mediates Mac-1 dependent intravascular crawling


Integrin activation is essential for the function of leukocytes. Impaired integrin activation on leukocytes is the hallmark of the leukocyte adhesion deficiency syndrome in humans, characterized by impaired leukocyte recruitment and recurrent infections. In inflammation, leukocytes collect different signals during the contact with the microvasculature which activate signaling pathways leading to integrin activation and leukocyte recruitment. Here, we report the role of P-Rex1, a Rac-specific guanine nucleotide exchanging factor, in integrin activation and leukocyte recruitment. We find that P-Rex1 is required for inducing selectin-mediated LFA-1 extension, which corresponds to intermediate affinity and induces slow leukocyte rolling, whereas P-Rex1 is not involved in the induction of the high-affinity conformation of LFA-1 obligatory for leukocyte arrest. Furthermore, we demonstrate that P-Rex1 is involved in Mac-1-dependent intravascular crawling. In vivo, both LFA-1-dependent slow rolling and Mac-1-dependent crawling are defective in P-Rex1-/- leukocytes, whereas chemokine-induced arrest and post-adhesion strengthening remain intact in P-Rex1–deficient leukocytes. Rac1 is involved in E-selectin-mediated slow rolling and crawling. In vivo, in an ischemia-reperfusion-induced model of acute kidney injury, abolished selectin-mediated integrin activation contributed to decreased neutrophil recruitment and reduced kidney damage in P-Rex1-deficient mice. We conclude that P-Rex1 serves distinct functions in LFA-1 and Mac-1 activation.

  • Submitted September 18, 2012.
  • Accepted January 12, 2013.