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Isolation and characterization of hematopoietic progenitor/stem cells in 5q-deleted myelodysplastic syndromes: evidence for involvement at the hematopoietic stem cell level

Lars Nilsson, Ingbritt Åstrand-Grundström, Ingrid Arvidsson, Björn Jacobsson, Eva Hellström-Lindberg, Robert Hast and Sten E. W. Jacobsen

Abstract

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a heterogeneous group of clonal disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis and frequent progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Within MDS, 5q− syndrome constitutes a distinct clinical entity characterized by an isolated deletion of the long arm of chromosome 5 (5q−), a relatively good prognosis, and infrequent transformation to acute leukemia. The cell of origin in 5q− syndrome as well as in other 5q-deleted MDS patients has not been established, but evidence for involvement of multiple myeloid (but not lymphoid) lineages has suggested that a myeloid-restricted progenitor rather than a pluripotent (lympho-myeloid) stem cell might be the primary target in most patients. Although in 9 patients no evidence of peripheral blood T-cell and only 1 case of B-cell involvement was found, the data herein support that 5q deletions occur in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) with a combined lympho-myeloid potential. First, in all investigated patients a minimum of 94% of cells in the minor CD34+CD38 HSC compartment were 5q deleted as determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Second, in 3 of 5 patients 5q aberrations were detected in a large fraction (25% to 90%) of purified CD34+CD19+ pro-B cells. Furthermore, extensive functional characterization with regard to responsiveness to early-acting cytokines, long-term culture-initiating cells, and nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency repopulating cells supported that MDS HSCs in 5q-deleted patients are CD34+CD38, but inefficient at reconstituting hematopoiesis.

  • Submitted February 22, 2000.
  • Accepted May 15, 2000.
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