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Glycoprotein Ib-V-IX, a Receptor for von Willebrand Factor, Couples Physically and Functionally to the Fc Receptor γ-Chain, Fyn, and Lyn to Activate Human Platelets

Shahrokh Falati, Christine E. Edmead and Alastair W. Poole

Abstract

The adhesion molecule von Willebrand factor (vWF) activates platelets upon binding 2 surface receptors, glycoprotein (GP) Ib-V-IX and integrin IIbβ3. We have used 2 approaches to selectively activate GP Ib using either the snake venom lectin alboaggregin-A or mutant recombinant forms of vWF (▵A1-vWF and RGGS-vWF) with selective binding properties to its 2 receptors. We show that activation of GP Ib induces platelet aggregation, secretion of 5-hydroxy tryptamine (5-HT), and an increase in cytosolic calcium. Syk becomes tyrosine phosphorylated and activated downstream of GP Ib, and associates with several tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins including the Fc receptor γ-chain through interaction with Syk SH2 domains. GP Ib physically associates with the γ-chain in GST-Syk-SH2 precipitates from platelets stimulated through GP Ib, and 2 Src family kinases, Lyn and Fyn, also associate with this signaling complex. In addition, GP Ib stimulation couples to tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase Cγ2. The Src family-specific inhibitor PP1 dose-dependently inhibits phosphorylation of Syk, its association with tyrosine-phosphorylated γ-chain, phosphorylation of PLCγ2, platelet aggregation, and 5-HT release. The results indicate that, upon activation, GP Ib is physically associated with FcR γ-chain and members of the Src family kinases, leading to phosphorylation of the γ-chain, recruitment, and activation of Syk. Phosphorylation of PLCγ2 also lies downstream of Src kinase activation and may critically couple early signaling events to functional platelet responses.

  • Submitted February 8, 1999.
  • Accepted April 26, 1999.
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