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The Chemotactic Cytokine Eotaxin Acts as a Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor During Lung Inflammation

Amnon Peled, Jose Angel Gonzalo, Clare Lloyd and Jose-Carlos Gutierrez-Ramos

Abstract

During inflammatory processes, inflamed tissues signal the bone marrow (BM) to produce more mature leukocytes in ways that are not yet understood. We report here that, during the development of lung allergic inflammation, the administration of neutralizing antibodies to the chemotactic cytokine, Eotaxin, prevented the increase in the number of myeloid progenitors produced in the BM, therefore reducing the output of mature myeloid cells from BM. Conversely, the in vivo administration of Eotaxin increased the number of myeloid progenitors present in the BM. Furthermore, we found that, in vitro, Eotaxin is a colony-stimulating factor for granulocytes and macrophages. Eotaxin activity synergized with stem cell factor but not with interleukin-3 or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and was inhibited bypertussis toxin. We report also that CCR-3, the receptor for Eotaxin, was expressed by hematopoietic progenitors (HP). Thus, during inflammation, Eotaxin acts in a paracrine way to shift the differentiation of BM HP towards the myeloid lineage.

  • Submitted January 29, 1997.
  • Accepted October 30, 1997.
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