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FcγRIIIa-158V/F Polymorphism Influences the Binding of IgG by Natural Killer Cell FcγRIIIa, Independently of the FcγRIIIa-48L/R/H Phenotype

Harry R. Koene, Marion Kleijer, Johan Algra, Dirk Roos, Albert E.G.Kr. von dem Borne and Masja de Haas

Abstract

We analyzed a genetic polymorphism of Fcγ receptor IIIa (CD16) that is present on position 158 (Phe or Val) in the membrane-proximal, IgG-binding domain. With a polymerase chain reaction–based allele-specific restriction analysis assay we genotyped 87 donors and found gene frequencies of 0.57 and 0.43 for FcγRIIIA-158F and −158V, respectively. A clear linkage was observed between the FcγRIIIA-158F and −48L genotypes on the one hand and the FcγRIIIA-158V and −48H or −48R genotypes on the other hand (χ2 test; P < .001). To determine the functional consequences of this FcγRIIIa-158V/F polymorphism, we performed IgG binding experiments with natural killer (NK) cells from genotyped donors. All donors were also typed for the recently described triallelic FcγRIIIa-48L/R/H polymorphism. NK cells were treated with lactic acid to remove cell-associated IgG. FcγRIIIaNK158F bound significantly less IgG1, IgG3, and IgG4 than did FcγRIIIaNK-158V, irrespective of the FcγRIIIa-48 phenotype. Moreover, freshly isolated NK cells from FcγRIIIa-158VV individuals carried significantly more cytophilic IgG than did NK cells from FcγRIIIa-158FF individuals. In addition, CD16 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) MEM154 bound more strongly to FcγRIIIa-158V, compared with -158F, again independently of the FcγRIIIa-48 phenotype. The binding of MoAb B73.1 was not influenced by the FcγRIIIa-158V/F polymorphism, but proved to depend solely on the amino acid present at position 48 of FcγRIIIa. In conclusion, the previously reported differences in IgG binding among the three FcγRIIIa-48L/R/H isoforms are a consequence of the linked, biallelic FcγRIIIa-158V/F polymorphism at amino-acid position 158.

  • Submitted January 29, 1997.
  • Accepted March 19, 1997.
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