P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a muclin-like glycoportein ligand for P- and E-selectin on myeloid cells and a subset of lymphocytes. We used flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry to examine expression of PSGL-1 on minor leukocyte populations, differentiating hematopoletic cells, and nonhematopoietic tissues using two monoclonal antibodies to distinct protein epitopes on PSGL-1. In the bone marrow, PSGL-1 was expressed on myeloid cells from the myeloblast stage to the segmented neutrophil, but was not detected on erythroblasts or megakaryocytes. All types of circulating myeloid cells expressed PSGL-1, and PSGL-1 was retained after extravasation of myetoid cells into tissues. PSGL-1 was also expressed on circulating dendritic cells, monocyte-derived dendritic cells, dendritic cells in lymphoid tissues and epidermis, and follicular dendritic cells. All types of lymphoid cells examined expressed PSGK-1, including immature and mature thymocytes, naive and memory T cells, gamma/delta T cells, netural killer cells, B cells and CD34+ progenitor cells. However, PSGL-1 levels were substantially lower on tonsillar lymphocytes than on circulating lymphocytes, suggesting that PSGL-1 expression is down regulated during or after entry of lymphocytes into secondary lymphoid tissue. Although PSGL-1 antigen was detected primarily on hamatopoietic cells, it was also present on time epithelium of the fallopian tube. Furthermore, PSGL-1 antigen gen was detected sporadically on microvascular endothelium in some pathologic tissues. This suggests that PSGL-1 may have functions other than mediating leukocyte adhersion.