Blood Journal
Leading the way in experimental and clinical research in hematology

gamma-c gene transfer into SCID X1 patients' B-cell lines restores normal high-affinity interleukin-2 receptor expression and function

  1. H Hacein-Bey,
  2. M Cavazzana-Calvo,
  3. F Le Deist,
  4. A Dautry-Varsat,
  5. C Hivroz,
  6. I Riviere,
  7. O Danos,
  8. JM Heard,
  9. K Sugamura,
  10. A Fischer, and
  11. G De Saint Basile
  1. Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale U429, Hopital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France.

Abstract

SCID X1 is characterized by faulty T-cell and natural killer cell differentiation caused by mutation of the gamma-c chain gene encoding a number of multiple cytokine receptors (interleukin-2 [IL-2], IL-4, IL- 7, IL-9, and IL-15 receptors). To assess the feasibility of inducing long-term expression and function of the gamma-c chain, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B-cell lines from two patients with SCID X1 were transduced with a Moloney-derived retroviral vector containing the gamma-c chain cDNA. The viral LTR was used as the promoter. Immediately after two cycles of coculture with the psi-crip clone producing the MFG(B2)-gamma-c cDNA vector, gamma-c expression, assessed by detection of the mRNA and membrane protein expression, was found in 15% to 20% of cells. The degree of membrane expression was similar to that in control EBV-B cells. Expression increased steadily over 6 months, becoming detectable in 100% of cells, and remained stable thereafter for a total of 9 months, reflecting positive selection of transduced cells. A study of provirus integration sites showed multiple integration. The expressed gamma-c was functional, because it restored high-affinity IL- 2 receptor binding, IL-2 endocytosis, and IL-2-triggered phosphorylation of JAK-3 tyrosine kinase. Similar results were obtained with the two B-cell lines. These results show that efficient gamma-c gene transfer into B-cells lacking functional gamma-c is feasible and results in strong and stable expression of a functional gamma-c chain, apparently conferring a selective growth advantage in culture. Further in vitro studies of gamma-c gene transfer into gamma-c- hematopoietic progenitors are being conducted to assess the feasibility of correcting lymphocyte differentiation defects.