Blood Journal
Leading the way in experimental and clinical research in hematology

Growth factors and stromal support generate very efficient retroviral transduction of peripheral blood CD34+ cells from Gaucher patients

  1. LC Xu,
  2. S Kluepfel-Stahl,
  3. M Blanco,
  4. R Schiffmann,
  5. C Dunbar, and
  6. S Karlsson
  1. Molecular and Medical Genetics Section, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Abstract

We have achieved high-efficiency gene transfer into nonmobilized peripheral blood (PB) CD34+ cells from patients with Gaucher's disease using a clinically acceptable retroviral supernatant transduction protocol. In our studies, bone marrow (BM) and PB CD34+ cells were transduced using a high titer (10(8) particles/mL) retroviral supernatant once a day for 4 consecutive days in the presence of interleukin-3 (IL-3), IL-6, and stem cell factor (SCF), with or without an irradiated allogeneic BM stromal layer. The growth factors alone resulted in 29% +/- 10% gene transfer of PB CD34+ clonogenic cells in contrast with 71% +/- 17% gene transfer efficiency using stroma with the growth factors; a 2.5-fold increase. The increase in gene transfer efficiency was less prominent when BM CD34+ cells were used (40% +/- 16% without and 57% +/- 8% with stroma, a 1.5-fold increase). The overall transduction efficiency of both PB and BM CD34+ cells was lower when the cells were transduced over a stromal cell layer without added growth factors. The combination of IL-3, IL-6, and SCF with stroma transduced 75% of primitive long-term culture initiating cells (PB LTC- ICs) in comparison with 34% of LTC-ICs when IL-3, IL-6, and SCF were used without stromal support. Using this clinically acceptable supernatant/cytokines/stroma transduction protocol, correction of the glucocerebrosidase (GC) deficiency in the progeny cells of PBLTC-ICs from Gaucher's-disease patients has been accomplished. Efficient transduction of the PB CD34+ cells using this transduction protocol may allow repeated delivery of “GC-corrected” hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells to Gaucher's-disease patients.