A novel class of conserved transcription factors has been identified from the molecular cloning of AF10, the gene involved in the t(10;11)(p12;q23) translocation of acute myeloid leukemias. AF10 encodes a 109-kD protein of 1,027 amino acids and contains an N- terminal zinc finger region and a C-terminal leucine zipper. These structures have been found to be conserved in sequence and position in three other proteins, AF17, BR140, and a previously unrecognized Caenorhabditis elegans gene, provisionally named CEZF. The overall structure, level of sequence conservation, and expression pattern suggest that these genes encode a new class of transcription factors, some of which are targets for chromosomal translocation in acute leukemia.