Blood Journal
Leading the way in experimental and clinical research in hematology

Autografting with cultured marrow in chronic myeloid leukemia: results of a pilot study [see comments]

  1. MJ Barnett,
  2. CJ Eaves,
  3. GL Phillips,
  4. RD Gascoyne,
  5. DE Hogge,
  6. DE Horsman,
  7. RK Humphries,
  8. HG Klingemann,
  9. PM Lansdorp, and
  10. SH Nantel
  1. Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplantation Program of British Columbia, Terry Fox Laboratory, Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre, BC, Canada.

Abstract

Incubation of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) marrow for 10 days in vitro causes a marked and selective loss of very primitive Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)+ as compared with Ph- progenitors. We have autografted 22 patients with CML (16 in first chronic phase [group 1] and 6 with more advanced disease [group 2]) with marrow treated in this way to facilitate restoration of Ph- hematopoiesis after intensive therapy. Hematologic recovery to greater than 0.5 x 10(9)/L neutrophils occurred in 16 patients, and to greater than 20 x 10(9)/L platelets in 15 of 21 evaluable patients at a median of 29 and 48 days postautograft, respectively. Regenerating marrow cells were 100% Ph- in 13 patients and 75% to 94% Ph- in 3. Between 4 and 36 months (median 12) postautograft, Ph+ cells became detectable in all but 1 (who died in remission) of the 13 patients who achieved complete cytogenetic remission. Four of 7 evaluable patients treated with low-dose interferon alpha were returned to complete cytogenetic remission. Thirteen group 1 patients (81%) are alive 1.0 to 5.7 years (median 2.6) after autografting: 4 in complete cytogenetic remission, 2 in hematologic remission, 6 in chronic phase, and 1 in myeloid blast phase. Three group 2 patients (50%) are alive at 2.6, 3.8, and 4.3 years after autografting: 1 in partial cytogenetic remission, 1 in chronic phase, and 1 in accelerated phase. Thus, autografts of cultured marrow can result in prolonged restoration of Ph- hematopoiesis for some patients with CML.