Blood Journal
Leading the way in experimental and clinical research in hematology

Absolute requirement of CD11/CD18 adhesion molecules, FcRII and the phosphatidylinositol-linked FcRIII for monoclonal antibody-mediated neutrophil antihuman tumor cytotoxicity

  1. BH Kushner and
  2. NK Cheung
  1. Department of Pediatrics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York NY 10021.

Abstract

We have previously shown that 3F8, a murine IgG3, monoclonal antibody (MoAb) specific for the ganglioside GD2, mediates tumor cell kill in vitro and in vivo. We now describe receptor requirements of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) in 3F8-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) of human GD2 (+) melanoma and neuroblastoma cell lines. PMN from a child with leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) were devoid of CD11/CD18 adhesion molecules and mounted no detectable ADCC. MoAb to CD11b, CD11c, and CD18 each efficiently blocked ADCC by normal PMN. In contrast, a panel of different MoAbs to CD11a had no significant inhibitory effect on ADCC, a finding consistent with the low-to-absent expression of the CD11a ligand, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, on the target cells. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM- CSF) significantly increased the expression of CD11b, CD11c, and CD18 on normal PMN, decreased the expression of Fc receptors (FcR), and enhanced ADCC by normal but not by LAD PMN. MoAbs to FcRII and FcRIII each efficiently blocked ADCC; anti-FcRI MoAb had no effect. Flow cytometry using anti-FcRII MoAb versus anti-FcRIII MoAb did not show cross competition, suggesting that inhibition of ADCC was not a steric effect resulting from FcRII proximity to FcRIII. PMN deficient in FcRIII (obtained from patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria) and PMN depleted of FcRIII by treatment with elastase or phosphatidylinositol (PI)-specific phospholipase C produced low ADCC, supporting a role for the PI-liked FcRIII. Thus, optimal ADCC using human PMN, human solid tumor cells, and a clinically active MoAb (conditions that contrast with the heterologous antibodies and nonhuman or nonneoplastic targets used in most models of PMN ADCC) required CD11b, CD11c, FcRII, and the PI-linked FcRIII. Furthermore, in this clinically relevant system, GM-CSF enhancement of antitumor PMN ADCC correlated with increased expression of CD11/CD18 molecules.