Blood Journal
Leading the way in experimental and clinical research in hematology

Human myeloperoxidase gene: molecular cloning and expression in leukemic cells

  1. KS Chang,
  2. JM Trujillo,
  3. RG Cook, and
  4. SA Stass

Abstract

We have molecularly cloned the human myeloperoxidase (MPO) gene from the lambda gt11 expression library by screening with an affinity- purified MPO antibody. The cDNA clone of the MPO gene was used to study MPO gene expression in leukemic cells. The amino acid sequence predicted from the nucleotide sequence of the cDNA clone pMP401 matched exactly the 23 amino acid sequence of the NH2-terminal of the 60,000 MPO subunit. We found that MPO cDNA hybridized to a single EcoRI genomic band of 19 kb, indicating that the MPO gene represents a single gene in the human genome. Northern blot analysis of RNA isolated from leukemic cell lines and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients' samples shows that MPO gene expression correlated with myeloid lineage. The intensity of MPO mRNA expression on Northern blot correlated with the level of MPO expression by cytochemical staining. Multiple species of MPO mRNA were found. This indicates that a single MPO gene may encode different RNA species through a mechanism of posttranscriptional processing or that multiple transcriptional start/termination sites exist in the MPO gene.