A monoclonal antibody to human Hageman factor (HF, factor XII) was derived from BALB/c mouse spleen cells fused with NS-1 mouse myeloma cells. This antibody, purified from ascites fluid, reacted with HF to inhibit the activation of HF, purified or in normal pooled plasma, as measured by a coagulation assay. The antibody did not inhibit the coagulant activity of activated HF. The antibody also inhibited the generation of amidolytic activity in HF-ellagic acid mixtures, but failed to inhibit the amidolytic properties of the carboxy-terminal fragment of HF (HFf). Amidolytic activity, absent in an HF-monoclonal antibody mixture, was generated upon treatment with insoluble trypsin. Monoclonal antibody, bound to CNBr Sepharose 4B gel (Pharmacia Fine Chemicals, Piscataway, NJ), reversibly bound HF in plasma or in buffer, without activating it. HF was then eluted with 4 mol/L guanidine HCI. The passage of 125I-labeled HF enzymatically cleaved by trypsin through a column of monoclonal antibody-CNBr Sepharose 4B gel resulted in flow- through of HFf with a molecular weight (mol wt) of 30,000 and HF fragments of mol wt 12,000. Elution with 4 mol/L guanidine HCI yielded several HF fragments (mol wt 80,000, 52,000, and 40,000) but not HFf. These data suggest that the single determinant recognized by the murine monoclonal antibody is not on HFf, but rather on the amino-terminal fragment thought to be involved in the binding activity of HF. The monoclonal anti-HF bound to CNBr-activated Sepharose 4B gel could be used to artificially deplete plasma samples of HF.