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Hematopoiesis and the bacterial microbiome

Hannah Yan, Megan T. Baldridge and Katherine Y. King

Abstract

Recent studies have revealed that the intestinal bacterial microbiome plays an important role in the regulation of hematopoiesis. A correlation between adverse hematologic effects and imbalance of the intestinal microbiome, or dysbiosis, is evident in several human conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, and, critically, in the setting of antibiotic exposure. Here we review the effects of gut dysbiosis on the hematological compartment and our current understanding of the mechanisms through which changes in the bacterial microbiome affect hematopoiesis.

  • Submitted February 9, 2018.
  • Accepted May 28, 2018.
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