Advertisement

Blinatumomab for minimal residual disease in adults with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Nicola Gökbuget, Hervé Dombret, Massimiliano Bonifacio, Albrecht Reichle, Carlos Graux, Christoph Faul, Helmut Diedrich, Max S. Topp, Monika Brüggemann, Heinz-August Horst, Violaine Havelange, Julia Stieglmaier, Hendrik Wessels, Vincent Haddad, Jonathan E. Benjamin, Gerhard Zugmaier, Dirk Nagorsen and Ralf C. Bargou
This article has an Erratum 133(24):2625

Key Points

  • Among adults with MRD-positive ALL in hematologic remission after chemotherapy, 78% achieved a complete MRD response with blinatumomab.

  • Complete MRD response after blinatumomab treatment in this population was associated with significantly improved OS.

Publisher's Note: There is a Blood Commentary on this article in this issue.

Abstract

Approximately 30% to 50% of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in hematologic complete remission after multiagent therapy exhibit minimal residual disease (MRD) by reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction or flow cytometry. MRD is the strongest predictor of relapse in ALL. In this open-label, single-arm study, adults with B-cell precursor ALL in hematologic complete remission with MRD (≥10−3) received blinatumomab 15 µg/m2 per day by continuous IV infusion for up to 4 cycles. Patients could undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation any time after cycle 1. The primary end point was complete MRD response status after 1 cycle of blinatumomab. One hundred sixteen patients received blinatumomab. Eighty-eight (78%) of 113 evaluable patients achieved a complete MRD response. In the subgroup of 110 patients with Ph-negative ALL in hematologic remission, the Kaplan-Meier estimate of relapse-free survival (RFS) at 18 months was 54%. Median overall survival (OS) was 36.5 months. In landmark analyses, complete MRD responders had longer RFS (23.6 vs 5.7 months; P = .002) and OS (38.9 vs 12.5 months; P = .002) compared with MRD nonresponders. Adverse events were consistent with previous studies of blinatumomab. Twelve (10%) and 3 patients (3%) had grade 3 or 4 neurologic events, respectively. Four patients (3%) had cytokine release syndrome grade 1, n = 2; grade 3, n = 2), all during cycle 1. After treatment with blinatumomab in a population of patients with MRD-positive B-cell precursor ALL, a majority achieved a complete MRD response, which was associated with significantly longer RFS and OS compared with MRD nonresponders. This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01207388.

  • Submitted August 10, 2017.
  • Accepted January 16, 2018.
View Full Text