Advertisement

Atorvastatin enhances endothelial cell function in posttransplant poor graft function

Min-Min Shi, Yuan Kong, Yang Song, Yu-Qian Sun, Yu Wang, Xiao-Hui Zhang, Lan-Ping Xu, Kai-Yan Liu and Xiao-Jun Huang

Key Points

  • Dysfunctional BM EPCs were found in subjects with PGF postallotransplant.

  • BM EPCs from subjects with PGF were enhanced by atorvastatin through downregulation of the p38 MAPK pathway.

Publisher's Note: There is an Inside Blood Commentary on this article in this issue.

Abstract

Poor graft function (PGF) is a serious complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Murine studies suggest that endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are preferential supporting cells for hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. Our previous work found that a reduced number of BM EPCs was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of PGF after allo-HSCT. However, little is known about the functional role of BM EPCs and how to improve impaired BM EPCs in PGF. In the current study, we evaluated the function of BM EPCs in subjects with PGF postallotransplant. Moreover, we investigated whether atorvastatin could enhance the number and function of BM EPCs derived from subjects with PGF in vitro. Dysfunctional BM EPCs, which were characterized by impaired proliferation, migration, angiogenesis, and higher levels of reactive oxygen species and apoptosis, were revealed in subjects with PGF. Activation of p38 and its downstream transcription factor cyclic adenosine monophosphate–responsive element-binding protein were detected in BM EPCs from subjects with PGF. Furthermore, the number and function of BM EPCs derived from subjects with PGF were enhanced by atorvastatin treatment in vitro through downregulation of the p38 MAPK pathway. In summary, dysfunctional BM EPCs were observed in subjects with PGF. Atorvastatin treatment in vitro quantitatively and functionally improved BM EPCs derived from subjects with PGF through downregulation of the p38 MAPK pathway. These data indicate that atorvastatin represents a promising therapeutic approach for repairing impaired BM EPCs in subjects with PGF postallotransplant.

  • Submitted February 29, 2016.
  • Accepted October 14, 2016.
View Full Text