NOTCH1 mutations in CLL associated with trisomy 12

Veronica Balatti, Arianna Bottoni, Alexey Palamarchuk, Hansjuerg Alder, Laura Z. Rassenti, Thomas J. Kipps, Yuri Pekarsky and Carlo M. Croce


Two recent studies reported wholegenome sequencing of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) samples and found repeated mutations in the XPO1 and NOTCH1 genes. XPO1 was found mutated in 2.4% of cases, while NOTCH1 was found mutated in 12.2% or 15.1% of CLL samples. Here we report the results of sequencing of XPO1 and NOTCH1 in 186 CLL cases. Our results confirmed frequency of XPO1 mutations. However, we found only 5 NOTCH1 mutations in 127 IGVH unmutated/ZAP70+ CLL samples (4%), and one mutation was found in IGVH mutated/ZAP70 CLL for a total percentage of 1.5%. Because 4 of 6 mutated samples also showed trisomy 12, we sequenced NOTCH1 in an additional 77 cases with trisomy 12 CLLs, including 47 IGVH unmutated/ZAP70+ cases. Importantly, we found 41.9% NOTCH1 mutation frequency in aggressive trisomy 12 CLL cases. Our data suggest that activation of NOTCH1 plays a critical role in IGVH unmutated/ZAP70+ trisomy 12 CLL.

  • Submitted October 18, 2011.
  • Accepted November 13, 2011.
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