Blood Journal
Leading the way in experimental and clinical research in hematology

Short-term inhibition of p53 combined with keratinocyte growth factor improves thymic epithelial cell recovery and enhances T-cell reconstitution after murine bone marrow transplantation

  1. Ryan M. Kelly1,
  2. Emily M. Goren1,
  3. Patricia A. Taylor1,
  4. Scott N. Mueller2,
  5. Heather E. Stefanski1,
  6. Mark J. Osborn1,
  7. Hamish S. Scott3,
  8. Elena A. Komarova4,
  9. Andrei V. Gudkov4,
  10. Georg A. Holländer5, and
  11. Bruce R. Blazar1
  1. 1Division of Hematology, Oncology, and Blood and Marrow Transplantation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis;
  2. 2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia;
  3. 3Division of Molecular Pathology, The Centre for Cancer Biology, Institute of Medical and Veterinary Science and The Hanson Institute, The School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia;
  4. 4Department of Cell Stress Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY; and
  5. 5Department of Clinical-Biological Sciences, Laboratory of Pediatric Immunology, University of Basel, Basel University Children's Hospital (UKBB), Basel, Switzerland

Abstract

Myeloablative conditioning before bone marrow transplantation (BMT) results in thymic epithelial cell (TEC) injury, T-cell immune deficiency, and susceptibility to opportunistic infections. Conditioning regimen–induced TEC damage directly contributes to slow thymopoietic recovery after BMT. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is a TEC mitogen that stimulates proliferation and, when given before conditioning, reduces TEC injury. Some TEC subsets are refractory to KGF and functional T-cell responses are not fully restored in KGF-treated BM transplant recipients. Therefore, we investigated whether the addition of a pharmacologic inhibitor, PFT-β, to transiently inhibit p53 during radiotherapy could spare TECs from radiation-induced damage in congenic and allogeneic BMTs. Combined before BMT KGF + PFT-β administration additively restored numbers of cortical and medullary TECs and improved thymic function after BMT, resulting in higher numbers of donor-derived, naive peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Radiation conditioning caused a loss of T-cell zone fibroblastic reticular cells (FRCs) and CCL21 expression in lymphoid stroma. KGF + PFT-β treatment restored both FRC and CCL21 expression, findings that correlated with improved T-cell reconstitution and an enhanced immune response against Listeria monocytogenes infection. Thus, transient p53 inhibition combined with KGF represents a novel and potentially translatable approach to promote rapid and durable thymic and peripheral T-cell recovery after BMT.

  • Submitted May 21, 2009.
  • Accepted November 4, 2009.
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