Blood Journal
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Interaction between von Willebrand factor and glycoprotein Ib activates Src kinase in human platelets: role of phosphoinositide 3–kinase

  1. Yi Wu,
  2. Naoki Asazuma,
  3. Kaneo Satoh,
  4. Yutaka Yatomi,
  5. Toshiro Takafuta,
  6. Michael C. Berndt, and
  7. Yukio Ozaki
  1. 1 From the Department of Clinical and Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Tamaho, Nakakoma, Yamanashi, Japan, and the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

The binding of von Willebrand factor (VWF) to glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX-V stimulates transmembrane signaling events that lead to platelet adhesion and aggregation. Recent studies have implied that activation of Src family kinases is involved in GPIb-mediated platelet activation, although the related signal transduction pathway remains poorly defined. This study presents evidence for an important role of Src and GPIb association. In platelet lysates containing Complete, a broad-spectrum protease inhibitor mixture, Src and Lyn dynamically associated with GPIb on VWF-botrocetin stimulation. Cytochalasin D, which inhibits translocation of Src kinases to the cytoskeleton, further increased Src and GPIb association. Similar results were obtained with botrocetin and monomeric A1 domain, instead of intact VWF, with induction of both Src activation and association between GPIb and Src. These findings suggest that ligand binding of GPIb, without receptor clustering, is sufficient to activate Src. Immunoprecipitation studies demonstrated that Src, phosphoinositide 3– kinase (PI 3–kinase), and GPIb form a complex in GPIb-stimulated platelets. When the p85 subunit of PI 3–kinase was immunodepleted, association of Src with GPIb was abrogated. However, wortmannin, a specific PI 3–kinase inhibitor, failed to block complex formation between Src and GPIb. The Src-SH3 domain as a glutathione S-transferase (GST)–fusion protein coprecipitated the p85 subunit of PI 3–kinase and GPIb. These findings taken together suggest that the p85 subunit of PI 3–kinase mediates GPIb-related activation signals and activates Src independently of the enzymatic activity of PI 3– kinase.

  • Submitted March 15, 2002.
  • Accepted July 25, 2002.
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